2012 News Archive

NASA Captures Solstice Solar Portrait
Mashable - December 21, 2012

"The sun didn't unleash a killer solar flare or devastating coronal mass ejection, but it is undergoing a fascinating period in its solar cycle." Read more...

Top spots to see the northern lights
NBCNews.com - December 21, 2012

"'This winter is a good time to see them and next winter should be pretty good, as well,' said Ian Mann, Canada Research in Space Physics at the University of Alberta, Edmonton. 'The whole period for the next few years will probably be the best time in nearly 10 years.'" Read more...




NRC to consider solar flare nuclear safety petition
Power Engineering Magazine - December 20, 2012

"A petition requesting that nuclear plants be required to maintain backup spent fuel cooling systems capable of operating autonomously for two years without refueling will receive full consideration, the NRC announced this week." Read more...




Intelligence Community Warns Solar Storms Could Collapse Electric Grid
Forbes - December 19, 2012

"The intelligence assessment warns that, 'until ‘cures’ are implemented, solar super-storms will pose a large-scale threat to the world’s social and economic fabric.'" Read more...




Solar Maximum Is Coming, But What’s It Mean For Us?
redOrbit - December 18, 2012

"The sun is revving up and preparing for a new cycle next year, reaching solar maximum during the summer and fall months of 2013." Read more...

The aurora borealis and the coming Solar Maximum
EarthSky - December 18, 2012

"Right now, there’s huge excitement among those of us who hunt for the aurora borealis, also called the northern lights. The lights are historically at their most frequent and spectacular when the sun reaches the peak of its 11-year cycle of activity." Read more...




Sun-Grazing Comets As Triggers For Electromagnetic Armageddon
Forbes - November 30, 2012

"Large sun-grazing comets could bring on the sort of global electronics meltdown usually associated with electromagnetic pulse weapons or a full-scale nuclear exchange." Read more...

Ghostly Northern Lights Dance Over Sweden (Photo)
Space.com - November 30, 2012

"A hauntingly beautiful aurora borealis appears in this night sky photo." Read more...




Chance of Thanksgiving Day Solar Flare, Aurorae?
DiscoveryNews - November 22, 2012

"NOAA space weather forecasters believe AR1618 could generate an X-class solar flare -- the region has a "delta-class" magnetic field, a configuration that has enough energy to produce the most powerful of solar eruptions." Read more...

NASA Spacecraft Observe a Thanksgiving CME
NASA - November 22, 2012

"On Nov. 21, 2012, at 11:24 a.m. EST, the sun erupted with an Earth-directed coronal mass ejection or CME. Experimental NASA research models, based on observations from the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) and the ESA/NASA mission the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, show that the Nov. 21 CME left the sun at speeds of 500 miles per second, which is a slow to average speed for CMEs." Read more...




Fire in the Sky
Pasadena Weekly - November 21, 2012

"If you have never heard of an electromagnetic pulse, or EMP, then you have not spent any time worrying about an EMP causing the end of civilization as we know it. But scientists and some policymakers worry about such a thing happening, and for very good reason." Read more...




Giant solar flare erupts
NBCNews - November 20, 2012

"The flares were so large, NASA says it amounted to a tsunami on the surface of the sun. NBC’s Brian Williams reports." Read more...

NASA Spacecraft Observe Nov. 20 Solar Eruption
NASA - November 20, 2012

"On Nov. 20, 2012, at 7:09 a.m. EST, the sun erupted with a coronal mass ejection or CME. Not to be confused with a solar flare, a CME is a solar phenomenon that can send solar particles into space and can reach Earth one to three days later. When Earth-directed, CMEs can affect electronic systems in satellites and on Earth." Read more...




Solar tsunami seen in NASA video
Fox News - November 19, 2012

"What impact could sun eruptions have on Earth?" Watch video...




Thank your lucky stars: Nasa films TWO massive solar eruptions with power to down satellites (but don't worry, they're heading away from Earth)
Daily Mail - November 18, 2012

"Two massive solar eruptions with the power to bring down satellites orbiting Earth have been captured in amazing detail by a NASA space camera. The stunning video shows an enormous pulse of super-hot plasma - called a solar prominence - bursting from the Sun's surface tens of thousands of miles into space." Read more...




Double Trouble
NASA - November 16, 2012

"The Sun erupted with two prominence eruptions, one after the other over a four-hour period on Nov. 16, 2012, between the hours of 1 and 5 a.m. EST." Read more...




Eclipse sheds light on sizzling sun
The Sidney Morning Herald - November 14, 2012

"Nature has bestowed a treat on solar scientists. About an hour after sunrise in north Queensland, the moon passed directly in front of the sun. Those fortunate enough to be in Cairns enjoyed an early morning total eclipse lasting two minutes with the sun roughly 14 degrees above the eastern horizon." Read more




M6 Solar Flare Heading Towards Earth
redOrbit - November 13, 2012

"NASA said that the sun emitted a mid-level solar flare on Tuesday that has the potential of causing some radio blackouts. The solar flare reached a classification of M6, which falls into the weakest flares that are still able to cause some space weather effects near Earth." Read more...




Sun Releases Slow Moving CME
NASA - November 9, 2012

"On Nov. 9, 2012, at 10:24 a.m. EST, the sun emitted an Earth-directed coronal mass ejection (CME). A CME is a solar phenomenon that can send billions of tons of solar particles into space and can reach Earth one to three days later. CMEs can affect electronic systems in satellites and on the ground." Read more...




Sun Unleashes Seventh X-Class Flare of 2012
U.S. News & World Report - October 23, 2012

"Seven X-class flares have been recorded by the observatory so far this year. Monday's flare was larger than the X1.4 that was pointed at earth in early July, but much smaller than the X5.4 flare that temporarily disabled military satellites on March 7."

Disco Sun: X-Class Flare Creates Strobe-Light Effect
Universe Today - October 23, 2012

"The strobe-light-like effect visible in the video was created by the brightness of the flare and how the instruments on the Solar Dynamics Observatory responded to it."

Oh, snap! Another X-class flare from the Sun
Discover Magazine - October 23, 2012

"Yesterday, an active region on the sun – basically, a collection of magnetically active sunspots – popped off a series of flares that were actually fairly energetic."

NASA sees active region on the sun emit another flare
Phys.org - October 23, 2012

"The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association, which is the United States government's official source for space weather forecasts and alerts, categorized the radio blackout associated with this flare as an R3, on a scale from R1 to R5. It has since subsided."

NASA: Sun unleashes sizable solar flare
USA Today - October 23, 2012

"A sizable solar flare on Monday caused brief radio blackouts but doesn't appear to have sent a solar storm toward Earth."

X1.8 Solar Flare ~ October 23, 2012 ~ NASA/SDO/Goddard

Major solar flare erupts from the sun
Fox News/Space.com - October 23, 2012

"The flare erupted from the sunspot AR 11598 (short for Active Region 11598), and reached peak brightness at 11:22 p.m. EDT (0322 GMT this morning, Oct. 23), according to scientists working on NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO)..."

Major Solar Flare Erupts From the Sun
Space.com - October 23, 2012

"The sun unleased[sic] a powerful solar flare late Monday (Oct. 22), releasing waves of radiation into space that have already caused a short radio blackout on Earth."

Video: Active Region on the Sun Emits Another Flare
SpaceRef.com - October 23, 2012

"The sun emitted a significant solar flare on Oct. 22, 2012, peaking at 11:17 p.m. EDT. The flare came from an active region on the left side of the sun that has been numbered AR 1598, which has already been the source of a number of weaker flares. This flare was classified as an X.1-class flare."

X-flare on sun today, with more solar storms expected
EarthSky.org - October 23, 2012

"A storm on the sun from Active Region 1598 produced an X-flare on October 23, 2012. No auroras expected this time, though."

An impulsive, yet strong Solar Flare
SolarHam.com - October 23, 2012

"An impulsive, yet strong Solar Flare, just took place around Sunspot 1598. The latest event measured X1.8 and peaked at 03:17 UTC Tuesday morning."




Newly Named Sunspot AR1598 Releases M5 Class Solar Flare
NASA - October 22, 2012

"On Oct. 22, 2012, the sun emitted another mid-level flare, which peaked at 2:51 p.m. EDT. The flare emerged from the same region as the M9 flare on Oct. 20, an active region that has been numbered AR 1598. The flare is classified as an M5 flare, which means it was weaker than the earlier one."




A New Set of Solar Fireworks
NASA - October 20, 2012

"The sun emitted a significant solar flare, peaking at 2:14 p.m. EDT on Oct. 20, 2012. This flare is classified as an M9 flare. M-class flares are the weakest flares that can still cause some space weather effects near Earth. Since flares are rated on a scale from 1 to 10, an M9 is a particularly strong M class flare, but still ten times weaker than the most powerful flares, which are labeled X-class."

M9.0 Solar Flare (Oct. 20, 2012 - Video)
SolarHam.com - October 20, 2012

"A strong solar flare reaching M9.0 was detected around a new active region at 18:14 UTC on October 20, 2012. Video and images by EVE and SDO."

M9.0 Solar Flare at 18:14 UT
The Sun Today - October 20, 2012

"This came from a new region not yet on the solar disk. It probably produced a coronal mass ejection but data on this is not yet available (Any CME produced would be not be directly aimed at Earth)."

M9.0 Solar Flare ~ October 20, 2012 ~ NASA/SDO
[Note: Interesting cube shape on middle-right]

Strong M9.0 solar flare
SolarHam.com - October 20, 2012

"Another look at the strong M9.0 solar flare by the Solar Dynamics Observatory."




Regulators Seek to Bolster Electric Grid Against Solar Storms
The Wall Street Journal - October 19, 2012

"Under FERC's proposal, the North American Electric Reliability Corp., a government-chartered entity that oversees the electric grid, would draft rules requiring power companies to deal with geomagnetic storms in real time, to assess equipment for vulnerabilities, and to make changes to transmission systems where necessary."




Solar Flare ~ October 14, 2012 ~ NASA/SDO

Massive solar flare erupts from sun
VR-Zone - October 17, 2012

"A gigantic solar flare, 100,000 miles across, has erupted from the sun, showcasing how truly great the scale of things can be in the universe. In comparison, the Earth only has a diameter of roughly 7926 miles."

Probe To Visit Solar Corona
The Harvard Crimson - October 17, 2012

"While satellites orbit the Earth and spacecraft have traveled to other cosmic bodies, the Sun has thus far escaped human exploration. This will change, however, in 2018, according to astronomy lecturer Justin C. Kasper in a talk on Tuesday regarding NASA’s impending solar probe."




A solar flare to dwarf the Earth
CNET - October 16, 2012

"On Sunday, a sunspot labeled AR1593 unleashed an impressive eruption on the surface of the sun that highlights the massive scale of the universe. NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory recorded a glowing light bulb-like billowing tower of plasma that was more than 100,000 miles across."




NASA SDO - Light Bulb, October 14, 2012
NASA - October 14, 2012

"On October 14, 2012 at around 02:30 UT an active region to the left side of the Sun produced this beautiful 'Light Bulb' shaped plasma display."




Northern Lights will lead us a merry dance
Scotsman - October 13, 2012

"Perhaps you will have been lucky enough to have been enchanted by the shimmering, dancing lights in the night sky known as of the aurora borealis this week."




Huge solar eruption causes spectacular northern lights show
Yahoo News - October 10, 2012

"A huge eruption on the sun last Thursday sent a wave of solar particles toward Earth and resulted in some amazing views of the Aurora Borealis from Alberta to the United Kingdom."

NASA Captures Northern Lights from Solar Eruption
Top News - October 10, 2012

"A solar eruption was there to be seen late last Thursday i. e. October 4, as per a latest report, and a coronal mass ejection, also known as CME amongst scientists, was unfolded by the same.




Northern Lights come out on back-to-back nights
KOMO Seattle - October 9, 2012

"One big advantage of our rare autumn sunshine streak is that it's coincided with an increase in solar activity as we approach the maximum in the sun's 11-year sunspot cycle. Sure enough a solar storm has been strong enough to bring out a dazzling show of the Northern Lights over the past two nights around northern Washington."

Perfect magnetic storm brings spectacular Northern Lights show
The Telegraph - October 9, 2012

"A seven-hour 'perfect magnetic storm' produced what was said to be the best Northern Lights show of the year last night."

Northern Lights In Full Swing Thanks To A Geomagnetic Storm (VIDEO)
Latinos Post - October 9, 2012

"On Thursday, October 4, the sun spit out a surge of solar winds and magnetic fields that hurtled towards the Earth at around 400 miles per second, causing a geomagnetic storm when it hit. This might sound scary, but the truth of the matter is, this geomagnetic storm gave us one of nature's most enigmatic streaks of beauty across our skies: the Northern Lights."

Northern Lights on show over UK
BBC - October 9, 2012

"People in the northern UK are being treated to some of the best views of the Northern Lights for some time, as the cycle of solar activity reaches a high point."

Pictures: Northern Lights over the UK
BBC - October 9, 2012

"The northern lights returned to UK skies on Monday as parts of Scotland, Northern England and Northern Ireland lit up. This picture was taken from Perthshire in Scotland just before midnight."

Northern Lights shown in time-lapse footage
BBC - October 9, 2012

"The Aurora Borealis lit up the night sky over Scotland on Monday, 8 October. Andrew Wightman used time-lapse photography to capture the Northern Lights over Sheriffmuir between 03:00 and 05:00."




Solar eruption may boost northern lights tonight
CBS News - October 8, 2012

"A huge explosion on the sun has flung a wave of solar particles toward Earth, an eruption that may amp up northern lights displays on our planet Monday night (Oct. 8). The solar eruption occurred late Thursday (Oct. 4) when the sun unleashed what scientists call a coronal mass ejection, or CME, NASA officials explained in a statement."




Curiosity's 'crew' waits for solar storm on Mars
Houston Chronicle - October 5, 2012

"While the Mars rover Curiosity prepares to try out its tiny backhoe for the first time this weekend, scooping up sand for analysis, the scientists in charge of a San Antonio-built radiation detector are patiently waiting for the sun to start acting up."




Russia and the U.S. to study solar activity
Russia Beyond the Headlines - October 2, 2012

"With a new 11-year solar cycle that began in 2010, new climate-related troubles may be in store for the planet Earth. The world’s two leading space powers – Russia and the United States – are planning to redouble their efforts to study the solar-terrestrial relationship and space weather."

Solar flare in spectacular HD
CNET - October 2, 2012

"On 31 August, NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) captured a massive solar flare, or coronal mass ejection (CME). Big enough to engulf the Earth several times over, although thankfully too far away and in the wrong direction, it was responsible for aurora borealis appearing in Canada."




Solar storm produces northern lights in Maryland
Washington Post - October 1, 2012

"A long filament of solar material erupted into space (also known as a coronal mass ejection) September 27, triggering a strong geomagnetic storm on earth Sunday. This geomagnetic storm produced aurora as far south as Maryland, Ohio and Illinois according to SpaceWeather.com."




Flare alert: Sun shoots off 'billions of tonnes' of solar particles towards Earth
Daily Bhahkar - September 30, 2012

"NASA has captured the image of a particularly wide Earth-directed coronal mass ejection or flare, erupting from the Sun and spewing billions of tonnes of solar particles."




NASA: Solar Flare To Hit Earth Today
Brevard Times - September 29, 2012

"The sun erupted with a wide, Earth-directed coronal mass ejection on September 27, 2012 at 10:25 p.m. EDT."




Fall equinox Saturday ups chances of seeing northern lights
CBS News - September 21, 2012

"The arrival of the autumnal equinox this Saturday (Sept. 22) signals a transition from northern summer to fall in an astronomical sense. But it also signals the start of aurora-watching season."




Chances to see northern lights raised by fall equinox Saturday
NBCNews.com - September 20, 2012

"From now through the end of October, the chances of sighting the glow of the mysterious northern lights will be reaching a peak."




Rep. Dan Lungren Holds a Hearing on Electromagnetic Pulse Attack Threat (Transcript)
Power Engineering - September 15, 2012

"Geomagnetic radiation generated by a naturally occurring solar storm can also damage the same infrastructure. An EMP attack would destroy the electronics and digital circuitry in the area of impact, thereby denying electric power to our homes, businesses, and military."

Update ON NASA’s Radiation Storm Belt Probe Mission
redOrbit - September 15, 2012

"RBSP will explore space weather — changes in Earth’s space environment caused by the sun — that can disable satellites, create power grid failures, and disrupt GPS service. The mission also will allow researchers to understand fundamental radiation and particle acceleration processes throughout the universe."




Franks calls electric grid “completely vulnerable,” urges new protections
Arizona Capitol Times - September 13, 2012

"He concedes that the worst-case scenario is a once-in-100-years event, but Rep. Trent Franks, R-Glendale, said the U.S. still needs to defend against an electromagnetic pulse attack or solar storm that could cripple the nation."




EMP attack on power grid could take down DOD systems, experts warn
Government Computer News - September 12, 2012

"Defense systems that depend on the commercial electric grid are vulnerable to electromagnetic pulse attacks and solar storms that could seriously damage the nation’s infrastructure, experts from the Homeland Security and Defense departments told a House Homeland Security subcommittee."




Solar Explosion: Earth, Sun Shown To Scale In Amazing PHOTO
Huffington Post - September 11, 2012

"Now, the space agency has released a new photo of the eye-popping event, which shows the filament's size in comparison to planet Earth. The picture is a good reminder of how comparably insignificant the Blue Planet really is when measured up against the solar system's central star."

STEREO spots a CME soaring into space
Phys.org - September 11, 2012

"According to NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, "while CMEs are routinely seen in the Heliographic Imager (HI) telescopes, it's very rare for prominences to stay visible for so long."

Last Week's Huge Sun Explosion Was Visible For Days
Business Insider - September 10, 2012

"NASA caught this huge solar storm coming off the surface of the sun last week. The storm was visible for days, which they say is very rare. When it burst from the sun it was long enough to stretch from the Earth to the Moon."




The breathtaking new images that reveal the violence of a solar flare - and the beautiful aurora it created on earth
Daily Mail - September 5, 2012

"Nasa today released stunning video showing a 500,000 mile long 'solar whip' on the surface of the sun - and the beautiful aurora it created on earth. Captured by from NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), the images show in unprecedented detail a very long, whip-like solar filament extending over half a million miles in a long arc above the sun’s surface."

NASA captures mind-bogglingly gorgeous solar video
The Register - September 5, 2012

"Last Friday the Sun put on a magnificent display, ejecting a massive solar filament that was captured by NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) in all its glory. According to NASA's announcement, the filament – a form of solar prominence – had been hovering in the Sun's atmosphere, or corona, since early August, and erupted into space at 8:36pm GMT on August 31."

Solar Filament ~ August 31, 2012 ~ NASA/SDO




Northern Lights 2012: Aurora Borealis Blazes After Massive Solar Storm
Huffington Post/Space.com - September 4, 2012

"The northern lights erupted in a stunning display Monday night (Sept. 3) after a recent solar storm, amazing skywatchers around the world."

Up in the sky: 'Solar whip,' Northern Lights
CNN - September 4, 2012

"Space geeks are agog over the above video, shot by NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory, depicting a beautiful whip-like solar filament stretching across the surface of the sun."

NASA's SDO Sees Massive Filament Erupt On Sun
ScienceDaily - September 4, 2012

"The CME did not travel directly toward Earth, but did connect with Earth's magnetic environment, or magnetosphere, with a glancing blow. causing aurora to appear on the night of Monday, September 3."

NASA captures stunning sun eruption
NineMSN Australia - September 4, 2012

"An explosion caused when a filament of magnetism erupted on Friday sent a solar flare hurtling away from the sun at more than 500km a second."

Here comes the sun: Astonishing 'whip' half a million miles long spotted on solar surface (and scientists say radiation from it is heading for earth)
Daily Mail - September 4, 2012

"Nasa today released stunning video showing a 500,000 mile long 'solar whip' on the surface of the sun - and say radiation from it is headed for eath. Captured by from NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), it shows a very long, whip-like solar filament extending over half a million miles in a long arc above the sun’s surface."

Solar Flare Shaped Like Light Bulb Erupts From Sun, Photographed By NASA's SOHO Spacecraft
Huffington Post - September 4, 2012

"An enormous sun eruption, shaped like a giant glowing light bulb, was captured by a veteran spacecraft that closely monitors our nearest star. NASA scientists dubbed the sun storm a solar 'Eureka! moment.'"

August 17, 2012 M5.6 Solar Flare
M5.6 Solar Flare from Emerging Sunspot ~ August 17, 2012 ~ NASA/SDO




Solar Flares to Peak, Affect Northern Lights in Iceland
Iceland Review - August 22, 2012

"Geophysicist and candidate in the 2012 presidential election Ari Trausti Guðmundsson discussed solar flares in a radio interview on Reykjavík síðdegis on Monday, stating they will peak in eight months or so."




The Sun's Almost Perfectly Round Shape Baffles Scientists
Space Daily - August 19, 2012

"The sun is nearly the roundest object ever measured. If scaled to the size of a beach ball, it would be so round that the difference between the widest and narrow diameters would be much less than the width of a human hair."




Emerging Sunspot Releases Mid-level Solar Flare
NASA - August 18, 2012

"NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) captured this image of an M-class flare on August 17, 2012, at 9:01 PM EDT. The flare, seen on the left (or east) side of the sun from an active region that has not yet been named, and is just rotating into view."




Super-fast solar flare spotted by NASA satellite
CBS News/SPACE.com - August 15, 2012

"The CME's blistering pace makes it the fastest one ever seen by STEREO (short for Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory), and one of the fastest solar outbursts clocked by any spacecraft, the researchers said."




Super-Fast Sun Eruption Spotted by NASA Spacecraft
SPACE.com - August 14, 2012

"A powerful sun storm in July unleashed a wave of plasma and charged particles into space, and scientists now say this solar outburst may be one of the fastest ever recorded."




Solar flare warning system may be coming
UPI - August 13, 2012

"'It's the first time the same isotope has been used in two different experiments at two different labs, and it showed basically the same effect,' physics Professor Ephrain Fischbach said. 'We have repeatedly seen a precursor signal preceding a solar flare. We think this has predictive value.'"

New System Could Predict Solar Flares, Give Advance Warning
ScienceDaily - August 13, 2012

"Researchers may have discovered a new method to predict solar flares more than a day before they occur, providing advance warning to help protect satellites, power grids and astronauts from potentially dangerous radiation."




Sun Storm VIDEO: Magical-Looking Solar Eruption, Sunspots Captured By NASA
Huffington Post/Space.com - August 10, 2012

"A super-hot solar filament erupted in grand style Saturday (Aug. 4), arcing into space and connecting two huge sunspots. NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) spacecraft had a front-row seat for the action, and its video footage of the sun eruption is both bizarre and beautiful."

August 4, 2012 Solar Flare
Solar Filament Arcing Between Sunspots ~ August 4, 2012 ~ NASA/SDO




Striking Sun Photo Catches 3 Erupting Plasma Tendrils
Space.com - August 7, 2012

"A mesmerizing photo of the sun, showing three huge solar eruptions bursting from the surface, was captured by an amateur astronomer in California."

Solar flares increase in appearances, intensity
Phys.org - August 7, 2012

"Increased numbers of solar flares have become common at the moment, as the sun’s normal 11-year activity cycle is ramping up."




Hour-long 'aurora' treat for Kolkata
Times of India - August 6, 2012

"Those who glanced at the sky on Friday evening were taken aback by a giant arch of lights of various hues. It pierced the clouds and formed a rainbow-like arc to the right of the setting sun, glowing majestically in the fading light."

Scientists warn massive solar flare could harm power grid and satellites
SlashGear - August 6, 2012

"A group of scientists have put the world on alert that a massive solar flare could happen within the next two years that could harm power grids, communications, and satellites around the world. The scientists say that the risk of a massive flare that could harm systems on the earth increase as the sun reaches the peak of its 10-year activity cycle. The scientists say 'governments are taking it very seriously.'"

What Caused the Worst Blackout in India's History?
UB Post - August 6, 2012

"People want answers as to what caused 620 million people in India to lose power. Twenty states including half the population of India, including the capital went without power for 24 to 48 hours."

Space weather and the coming storm
Yahoo UK - August 5, 2012

"The delicate threads that hold modern life together are dramatically cut by an unexpected threat from outer space, with disastrous effects."




Did ‘Solar Storms’ Cause India’s Massive Blackout?
The New York Times - August 1, 2012

"But, Professor Rangarajan said, there’s no evidence to suggest Monday and Tuesday’s massive power outages were caused by such an event. Generally, he explained, these storms affect countries in higher latitudes than India, like Canada and the Netherlands, the most.

Was India's Worst Black Out in Human History Triggered by a Solar Flare?
The Market Oracle - August 1, 2012

"Is a "Solar Flare" partially responsible for India and Pakistan's massive power outage? Could it have been a Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) since most of Pakistan, along with northern India, also suffered long blackouts? Given that rains had arrived, temperature was down in north India so there was less requirement for a power overdraw."




India grid failure leaves 600 million without power
Current TV - July 31, 2012

"India's energy crisis spread over half the country Tuesday when both its eastern and northern electricity grids collapsed, leaving 600 million people without power in one of the world's biggest-ever blackouts." [SolarFlareWatch.com note: Coincidental to today's solar storm?]

Solar Flare Captured By NASA’s SDO
redOrbit - July 31, 2012

"NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (Solar Dynamics Observatory) captured a mid-level solar flare on Saturday, showing us that the sun is getting prepped for its solar maximum."




Solar Flare's Plasma, Particles Expected To Hit Earth On Tuesday
Huffington Post - July 30, 2012

"A medium-size solar flare erupted from the sun this weekend, hurling a cloud of plasma and charged particles toward Earth on a cosmic path that is expected to deliver a glancing blow to our planet tomorrow (July 31), according to space weather forecasters."

Sun Emits a Medium-Intensity Solar Flare
NASA - July 30, 2012

"On July 28, 2012, the sun emitted a mid-level flare, categorized as an M6.2 flare."

Solar storm is expected to hit Earth on Tuesday
NBCNews.com/Space.com - July 30, 2012

"A medium-size solar flare erupted from the sun this weekend, hurling a cloud of plasma and charged particles toward Earth on a cosmic path that is expected to deliver a glancing blow to our planet on Tuesday, according to space weather forecasters."




A Taste of Solar Maximum
Space Daily - July 25, 2012

"Forecasters say Solar Max is due in the year 2013. When it arrives, the peak of 11-year sunspot cycle will bring more solar flares, more coronal mass ejections, more geomagnetic storms and more auroras than we have experienced in quite some time."

Power, GPS, communications at mercy of solar flares
Wyoming Business Report - July 25, 2012

"Douglas Biesecker, research and customer requirements section lead at NOAA's Space Weather Prediction Center, said everything from flight controllers to surveyors can be impacted when things get even hotter on the sun."

Astronomy: Solar flare emerges from the sun
DailyPost UK - July 25, 2012

"Brian Woosnam from the North Wales Astronomy Society recently captured a solar flare emerging from the surface of the sun with his Hydrogen Alpha Solar telescope."

Mystery of missing Mars signals solved
MarsDaily.com/UPI - July 25, 2012

"A spacecraft sending data from Mars to Earth had its signal repeatedly interrupted in 2005 and scientists say they've learned the culprit -- the sun."




Solar Flare 2012: Sun Fires Off Flare From Sunspot AR 1520
Huffington Post - July 21, 2012

"A gigantic sunspot unleashed an intense solar flare early Thursday (July 19), though the solar storm shouldn't pose any serious problems to us here on Earth, scientists say.

Aurora australis captured over Jamberoo
Illawarra Mercury - July 21, 2012

"Wollongong stargazer and photographer David Finlay captured this stunning image of the aurora australis late last Sunday near Jamberoo. Looking south and leaving his shutter open for periods of 30 seconds at a time, he captured hundreds of images of the southern lights, lit up by a large solar flare which was occurring at the time.




Scientists say Earth is likely to dodge strong solar outburst
NBCNews.com/Space.com - July 20, 2012

"A gigantic sunspot unleashed an intense solar flare early Thursday, though the solar storm shouldn't pose any serious problems to us here on Earth, scientists say."




Sun Sends Out Mid-Level Solar Flare
NASA - July 19, 2012

"The sun emitted an M7.7 class solar flare on July 19, 2012."




Raw Power Turned Celestial Beauty
Canyon News - July 17, 2012

"Anyone lucky enough to spot the visible result of the oncoming approximate 186,000 mile-long coronal mass ejection (CME) travelling toward earth at 3 million mph was privy to spectacular aurora usually reserved for much more northern latitudes, some hoped even as far as Southern California."




Solar flare results in dazzling aurora borealis or northern lights: Video
NV News - July 15, 2012

"The natural wonder will really be a feast for the eyes of sky enthusiasts in certain parts of the U.S and Canada. The aurora might be viewable to all people in the Lower Mainland, say astronomers."




Solar storm sweeps over Earth
MSNBC/Space.com - July 14, 2012

"'The impact was not as strong as forecasters expected,' SpaceWeather.com's Tony Phillips wrote. 'Nevertheless, the blow compressed Earth's magnetosphere and sparked a mild ... geomagnetic storm.'"

Solar flare heads toward Earth
Newsday - July 14, 2012

"A solar storm was due to arrive Saturday morning and last through Sunday, slamming into Earth's magnetic field. Scientists said it will be a minor event..."

Nasa Pictures of Dramatic Solar Flare
Sky News - July 14, 2012

"Images of a solar flare that erupted from the Sun are captured by scientists days after a new moon was discovered orbiting Pluto."




Solar storm incoming: Federal agencies provide inconsistent, confusing information
Washington Post - July 13, 2012

"This blast of charged particles, known as a coronal mass ejection (CME), is forecast to ignite a geomagnetic storm on Earth over the weekend. NOAA predicts it will be minor, maybe moderate. NASA says it will be moderate to severe. I ask: which intensity will it be and why aren’t these two science agencies on the same page?"

Federal agencies differ on potential impact, timing of solar flare
The NJ Star-Ledger - July 13, 2012

"To NOAA, the flare was no big deal, a minor to moderate event that may produce dazzling Aurora Borealis as far south as the U.S.-Canadian border. NASA, on the other hand, was predicting a far more severe event, one that could potentially wreak havoc on the nation’s power grid and disrupt satellite communications across the globe... The two agencies eventually agreed the situation was not likely to cause major problems."

X-class solar flare erupts from giant sunspot
Fox News/Space.com - July 13, 2012

"The sun unleashed a huge flare Thursday (July 12), the second major solar storm to erupt from our star in less than a week. The solar flare peaked at 12:52 p.m. EDT (1652 GMT) as an X-class sun storm, the most powerful type of flare the sun can have."

Solar Flare to cause storms when it hits Earth on Saturday
Euronews - July 13, 2012

"The electric blue clouds that rippled across Northern Europe yesterday, July 12, were described as “water in the sky” by a spectator from Poland, according to Space Weather."

Massive solar flare erupts from giant sunspot
The Times of India - July 13, 2012

"A huge solar storm, the second major flare to erupt from the Sun in less than a week, has triggered a coronal mass ejection which is expected to reach the Earth tomorrow, scientists have claimed."

Humongous solar flare erupts in our direction (+video)
Christian Science Monitor - July 13, 2012

"The strongest solar storm of the summer so far could send a wave of charged particles toward our planet that could supercharge northern lights displays, NASA scientists say."

Solar Storm’s Auroras May Dance Above Mid-U.S. This Weekend
Wired - July 12, 2012

"A giant solar flare shot out of a sunspot Thursday, hitting Earth with a powerful burst of X-ray and ultraviolet radiation. Solar researchers expect a moderate geomagnetic storm to follow and strike Earth this weekend, causing satellite glitches, power disruptions and colorful auroras possibly as far south as Washington D.C."




'Extreme' solar flare erupts, looks like storm is headed to Earth
The Los Angeles Times - July 12, 2012

"A heavy-duty solar flare erupted on the surface of the sun midmorning Thursday, and it appeared from early data that a solar storm from the X-class eruption was headed toward Earth."

Huge Solar Flare Erupts From Giant Sunspot
Space.com - July 12, 2012

"According to NASA and the Space Weather Prediction Center (SPWC), which is operated by the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, today's sun storm registered as an X1.4-class solar flare"




Sun erupts with strongest summer solar flare yet
Fox News/Space.com - July 9, 2012

"The huge solar flare erupted from the giant sunspot AR1515, which has already fired off several other powerful storms this week. Space weather scientists were closely watching the sunspot for possible X-class flares."

July 6, 2012 X1.1 Solar Flare
X1.1-Class Solar Flare Image ~ July 6, 2012 ~ NASA/SDO




Solar Flare Erupts From Giant Sunspot, Marks The Summer's Strongest Flare Yet
Huffington Post - July 7, 2012

"The most powerful solar flare of the summer so far erupted from the sun Friday (July 6), the latest in a string of powerful storms this week from our nearest star, space weather experts say."

The Sun speaks up
Discover Magazine (Blog) - July 7, 2012

"It’s been a while since we’ve had a big flare from the Sun. Active region 1515 was looking like it might do the trick..."

Solar Fireworks Disrupt Europe's Radio Communications
The New American - July 7, 2012

"The solar fireworks hurled charged particles through millions of miles of space, with one blast so intense that it temporarily disrupted radio communications in Europe."




New sunspot group bombards Earth with solar flares - and one blast disrupts radio communications in Europe
Daily Mail - July 6, 2012

"A violent new sunspot is bombarding the Earth with particles from solar flares - including a blast that affected some radio transmissions across Europe."




Active sunspot fires off another intense solar flare
MSNBC - July 5, 2012

"The sun fired off yet another intense solar flare Thursday, the latest in a series of storms from a busy sunspot being closely watched by space telescopes and astronomers."




Sun Fires Off Fourth of July Solar Flares
Space.com - July 4, 2012

"The sun is unleashing some powerful solar flares today (July 4) in an impressive celestial fireworks display just in time for the U.S. Independence Day holiday."




Solar Flare 2012: Sun Storm Could Reach Earth By Fourth Of July
Huffington Post - July 3, 2012

"According to Spaceweather.com, a night sky observing and space weather tracking website run by astronomer Tony Phillips, the solar flare unleashed a wave of charged plasma called a coronal mass ejection (CME), but the particles were not aimed squarely at Earth."




Solar Flare Ionizes European Skies
Discovery News - July 2, 2012

"The flare's radiation isn't harmful to us on the ground, but it did have a dramatic impact on the upper atmosphere, sending waves of ionization through the ionosphere, over 60 kilometers (37 miles) above the surface."

Solar fireworks might be heading our way for the 4th
MSNBC - July 2, 2012

"The sun sent out a flare powerful enough to disrupt radio communications over Europe today, along with an eruption of electrically charged particles that just might sweep past Earth's magnetic field in time to spark a Fourth of July show of auroral fireworks."

Solar Flare's Red Glare: Sun Unleashes Early Fourth of July Fireworks
Space.com - July 2, 2012

"The sun erupted with a powerful solar flare Monday (July 2) in an early solar fireworks display just in time for the Fourth of July. A wave of plasma from the flare could reach Earth by the U.S. Independence Day holiday on Wednesday, July 4."

Strong and Fast Solar Flare Earth-Directed (Video)
Space.com - July 2, 2012

"Sunspot AR1515 unleashed an M5.6 flare on July 2nd, 2012. The resulting coronal mass ejection (CME) may cause geomagnetic storms on Earth in coming days."




Solar Flares From Active Sunspot Trigger Geomagnetic Storms On Earth, NASA Says
Huffington Post - June 19, 2012

"An active sunspot is amping up the sun's activity, and has already unleashed two strong solar flares that triggered weekend geomagnetic storms on Earth, NASA officials say."

Double sunspot flare which flattened Earth's magnetic field leads to aurora borealis spotted over the U.S. as far south as Nebraska and Iowa
Daily Mail - July 19, 2012

"The spectacular lights display, caused by radiation hitting the upper reaches of our atmosphere, are not being true to their name after being seen as far south as Iowa, Nebraska and Maryland in the United States which, relative to Europe, are about as far South as southern Spain and the Mediterranean."




Solar Flares Fire Double Sun Storm at Earth
Space.com - June 18, 2012

"An active sunspot is amping up the sun's activity, and has already unleashed two strong solar flares that triggered weekend geomagnetic storms on Earth, NASA officials say."

NASA SDO - "Alien" Prominence, June 18, 2012
NASA SDO/YouTube - June 18, 2012

"This movie covers almost 15 hours from the early hours of June 18, 2012. These UV views from the AIA instrument on NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory in the 304 angstrom wavelengths show a beautiful prominence eruption. We called it the 'Alien Prometheus Prominence'. Why? Watch the movie and find out."




NASA SDO - AR1504; Shape-shifting and M-class Solar Flare producing (Video)
NASA/SDO/YouTube - June 15, 2012

"Between June 9 and 14 a total of 5 M-class flares were observed, of which the long-duration June 13 flare hurled a coronal mass ejection (CME) our way. This video shows the shape-shifting path the sunspots of this active region have taken."




Incoming! Solar storms on the way
MSNBC - June 14, 2012

"Both of the coronal mass eruptions, or CMEs, originated in a sunspot region known as AR1504, which is currently pointing in Earth's direction. AR1504 has been shooting off a series of flares in recent days, including an M1.2-class flare on Wednesday and an M1.5 today."




Massive solar flare in March unleashed a record
MSNBC - June 13, 2012

"At the flare's peak, the gamma rays that were emitted from the sun were 2 billion times more energetic than visible light, making it a record-setting detection during or immediately after any previously seen solar flare, researchers said."

NASA March 7 Solar Flare
Record-setting March 7, 2012 X5.4 Flare ~ NASA/SDO




Massive Solar Flare in March Broke Sun Storm Record
Space.com - June 12, 2012

"'Seeing the rise and fall of this brief flare in both instruments allowed us to determine that some of these particles were accelerated to two-thirds of the speed of light in as little as three seconds,' Michael Briggs, a member of the GBM team at the University of Alabama in Huntsville, said in a statement."

Nasa detects longest and highest-energy light from a solar flare giving out 1,000 times the sun's normal radiation
Daily Mail - June 12, 2012

"At the flare's peak, the LAT detected gamma rays with two billion times the energy of visible light, or about four billion electron volts (GeV), easily setting a record for the highest-energy light ever detected during or immediately after a solar flare."

NASA's Fermi detects highest-energy light from powerful solar flare
Yahoo News India - June 12, 2012

"The March flare also is notable for the persistence of its gamma-ray emission. Fermi's LAT detected high-energy gamma rays for about 20 hours, two and a half times longer than any event on record."

NASA's Fermi Detects the Highest-Energy Light From a Solar Flare
NASA - June 11, 2012

"During a powerful solar blast on March 7, NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope detected the highest-energy light ever associated with an eruption on the sun."

Record-breaking solar flare described
UPI - June 11, 2012

"The powerful solar flare, observed March 7 by the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, produced such an outpouring of gamma rays -- a form of light with even greater energy than X-rays -- that the sun briefly became the brightest object in the gamma-ray sky, NASA said Monday."




Clouds clear to reveal Venus in transit
The Australian - June 7, 2012

"Despite cloudy skies and a few technical glitches, skywatchers nationwide caught at least a glimpse of Venus yesterday as it made its last passage across the sun this century."




Coast Guard: Electronic navigation/communications could be disrupted by solar flares
San Juan Islander - June 6, 2012

"USCG Special Notice to Mariners: Continuing until approximately June 7, 2012, the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGA) has promulgated a NAVAREA warning regarding the possibility for heightened levels of solar flare activity. Associated with this solar activity is the potential for disruptions of electronic navigation, high and low frequency radio transmissions, and other electronic communications methods."

Transit of Venus viewed around the world
CBS News - June 6, 2012

"From Maui to Mumbai, Mexico to Norway, much of the world watched the 6-hour, 40-minute celestial showcase through special telescopes, live streams on the Internet or with the naked eye through cheap cardboard glasses."

Photos: Last Glimpse of Historic Venus Transit
PC Magazine - June 6, 2012

"Astronomy enthusiasts gathered around the world last night in the hopes of viewing the transit of Venus, an event that will never again occur in our lifetimes."

Transit of Venus captures the imagination of a worldwide audience
The Guardian - June 6, 2012

"This year's transit of Venus was an international social event, with millions in the UK also watching a BBC Horizon special..."

Venus transit a reminder of solar system’s size
Chicago Sun-Times - June 6, 2012

"Filtering the sun’s light to a minuscule fraction of its true power allowed sky-gazers around the world to watch a silhouetted Venus travel across Earth’s closest star, an extremely rare spectacle that served as a reminder of how tiny our planet really is."

Sky watchers gather to view rare transit of Venus
The Los Angeles Times - June 6, 2012

"They donned protective glasses and peered into filtered telescopes to watch the planet as it crossed in front of the sun for the last time in more than 100 years. They spoke of watching a tiny black dot creeping ever so slowly across the solar disk with a combination of reverence and resignation.




A transit of Venus, an age of wondrous science
CNN - June 5, 2012

"Tonight, Tuesday, June 5, as the sun set on the East Coast, the planet Venus began its "transit" across the face of the sun. Pay close attention: Barring a miracle of future medicine, this is your only chance to witness such a crossing. The next one will take place in 2117."

Coronal Hole on the Sun
NASA - June 5, 2012

"The high-speed solar wind is known to originate in coronal holes. The solar wind escaping from this hole will reach Earth around June 5-7, 2012."

Venus transit: A last-minute guide
MSNBC - June 5, 2012

"Thousands of scientists and skywatchers around the world have made detailed plans to monitor today's transit of Venus across the sun, but chances are that word of the last-in-a-lifetime event is just now sinking in for millions of just plain folks — so what's the big deal? And what's the best way to watch the transit?"

The Stages of the Transit of Venus Explained
DiscoveryNews - June 5, 2012

"Today's historic Venus transit is a marathon event lasting nearly seven hours, but skywatchers who don't have that kind of time can break it down into a handful of key milestones."

Skywatchers prepare for Venus transit
Chicago Tribune - June 5, 2012

"'There's something very humbling out of this experience. We are another planet in orbit around another star in another galaxy in another corner of the universe. It really brings it home to us...'"

Earth bathed in high-energy radiation by colossal mystery blast
The Register - June 5, 2012

"Sometime between 1,237 and 1,238 years ago, the earth was inundated by a massive blast of high-energy radiation greater than any known to have occurred either before or since – but no one knows its source."

M4.7 Class Solar Flare
M4.7 Class Solar Flare ~ May 9, 2012 ~ NASA/SDO

Visit the Home page for more recent news items...




Large Coronal Hole Facing Earth
NASA - June 4, 2012

"A big, dark hole (dark blue, center) in the sun's atmosphere, called a 'coronal hole', is turning toward Earth and spewing solar wind.

'Big Bird' On Sun? NASA Spies Coronal Hole That Looks Like 'Sesame Street' Fave (PHOTOS)
The Huffington Post - June 4, 2012

"The image, snapped today (June 1) by NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) probe, actually shows a so-called coronal hole — an area where the sun's corona, or outer atmosphere, is dark. But the resemblance to Big Bird, or one of his feathered kin anyway, is uncanny.

Transit Of Venus With 'The Bad Astronomer' Phil Plait (VIDEO)
Huffington Post - June 4, 2012

"To help prepare, I reached out to Phil Plait, the "Bad Astronomer." He gave me the inside scoop, including how and when to witness this rare astronomical occurrence. He also filled me in on its historical significance and how it may help astrophysicists learn more about planets outside of our own solar system."

Transit of Venus
NASA - June 4, 2012

"The last time this event occurred was on June 8, 2004 when it was watched by millions of people across the world. Get prepared for this once in a lifetime event!"

Transit of Venus 2012—Sun Show Will Be Last for a Century
National Geographic - June 4, 2012

"Visible either Tuesday or Wednesday, depending on where you live, the transit will offer astronomers a chance to refine our understanding of Venus as well as to tweak models for searching for planets around other stars."

NASA June 2004 Venus Transit
Venus Transit Image from June 2004 ~ NASA

Tuesday is your last chance to watch transit of Venus
Fox News - June 4, 2012

"Look skyward, space-lovers: Tuesday, June 5 is the last chance in your lifetime to see the transit of Venus across the face of the sun."

Transit of Venus 2012: the last trip across the sun for 105 years
Washington Post - June 4, 2012

"Look to the west Tuesday evening, June 5, Venus begins to cross the sun at 6:04 p.m. EDT Tuesday evening, as a notch in the sun. By 6:22 p.m., from our perspective, Venus becomes a black dot moving across the solar disc."

How to Photograph the Transit of Venus Safely
Discovery - June 4, 2012

"The basic requirements for photographing the transit with a digital camera are very much the same as those for imaging sunspots or a partial solar eclipse. And as luck would have it, these same tips can help you snap photos of a partial lunar eclipse of Monday (June 4), too!"

Scientists spread out around globe to watch Venus transit
MSNBC - June 4, 2012

"Researchers with the Venus Twilight Experiment have set up coronagraphs — telescopes that block out direct sunlight, allowing an observer to pick out Venus from the sun's searing glare — in the Arctic, Arizona, Australia, California, Hawaii, India, Japan, Kazakhstan and the South Pacific."

Venus's Day in the Sun: How the Transit Will Help Us Search for Other Earths
Discover Magazine - June 4, 2012

"When Venus crosses the sun’s face during a transit, that 0.001% of the light carries spectral signatures—absorption lines—as tiny mementos of its passage through Venus’s atmosphere."

Transit of Venus: Solar eclipse glasses needed for safe viewing
Los Angeles Times - June 4, 2012

"As the rare Transit of Venus comes to the United States on Tuesday afternoon in the United States, experts are warning that special eyewear -- such as solar eclipse glasses -- are needed to view the event safely."

Taking Venus' Temperature During Transit
Discovery News - June 4, 2012

"As excitement builds for Tuesday's Venus transit, astronomers hope to catch a rare and exciting glimpse of the planet's atmosphere. What's more, by analyzing the sunlight refracted through the Venusian upper atmosphere, we may also gauge its temperature."




Partial Lunar Eclipse Monday Sets Stage for Venus Transit
Space.com - June 3, 2012

"The historic transit of Venus across the sun Tuesday is a must-see for skywatchers, but observers shouldn't overlook another celestial event that comes just one day earlier — a partial lunar eclipse of the June full moon."

Mysterious radiation burst recorded in tree rings
Nature - June 3, 2012

"'We know much more these days about how important proton acceleration is at the shock fronts that precede CME structures as they propagate towards Earth,' Baker says. 'I would like to think about whether a strong CME moving directly towards Earth could have produced the intense proton population that impacted Earth's atmosphere.'"




Big Bird has his day in the sun — or rather ON the sun
MSNBC - June 1, 2012

"The image of Big Bird on the sun is an example of pareidolia, which is the tendency of the human brain to recognize animals or other prominent shapes in vague or random images."

A Rare Type of Solar Storm Spotted by Satellite
Universe Today - June 1, 2012

"These particles traveled at nearly the speed of light, crossing the 93 million miles between the Sun and Earth in a mere 20 minutes and impacting our atmosphere, causing cascades of neutrons to reach the ground — a rare event known as a ground level enhancement, or GLE."

UNH to Analyze 'Bellwether' Solar Event Data from European Satellite
Enews Park Forest - June 1, 2012

"The May 17 GLE lit up ground stations (neutron monitors) all over the world for the first time in nearly six years, but given the stature, or lack thereof, of the solar explosions, there should have been no GLE at all."

Last month's solar flare created a mysterious pulse on Earth that seemed to 'answer' sun's blast
Daily Mail - June 1, 2012

"Neutron monitors all round the world lit up in response to the blast for the first time in six years, despite the fact it was an M-Class, or moderate, flare. The 'answering' pulse shouldn't have happened at all."




Science Nugget: Catching Solar Particles Infiltrating Earth's Atmosphere
NASA - May 31, 2012

"... the particles sent out on May 17 were so fast and energetic that when they collided with atoms in Earth's atmosphere, they caused a shower of particles to cascade down toward Earth's surface."

Catching solar particles infiltrating Earth's atmosphere
e! Science News - May 31, 2012

"...scientists have high hopes that as more observations are relayed down to Earth, they will be able to learn more about the May 17 onslaught of solar protons, and figure out why this event triggered a GLE when earlier bursts of solar protons in January and March, 2012 didn't."

Catching Solar Particles Infiltrating Earth's Atmosphere
Science Daily - May 31, 2012

"The shower created what's called a ground level enhancement (GLE). GLEs are quite rare -- fewer than 100 events have been observed in the last 70 years, since instruments were first able to detect them."




NASA SDO - Out on the Fringe (May 14 - 16, 2012) - Video
SDO/YouTube - May 29, 2012

"The Sun sported numerous prominences along its edge over a two-day period (May 14-16, 2012). Prominences were rising up and breaking off at a good clip."

Visions of Valhalla: Skywatcher Captures Spectacular Aurora on Camera
Space.com - May 29, 2012

"The northern lights are in stunning display over a frozen lake in northern Sweden in this skywatching photo."




Second spectacular solar event will be visible in Colorado
Boulder Daily Camera - May 26, 2012

"On June 5, Venus will journey across the surface of the sun, blocking a tiny circle of light as it goes. There have been only six transits of Venus, as they're called, since telescopes were invented..."




The K7RA Solar Update
National Association for Amateur Radio - May 25, 2012

"The unsettled geomagnetic conditions over the past few days most likely resulted from an interplanetary shock wave that originated from a solar flare on May 20."




Solar eclipse: For all the hype, it was quite a show
Los Angeles Times - May 21, 2012

"Millions of people watched the rare event, turning it into a party of sorts. And they took a lot of photos, which they posted on Facebook and Twitter."

‘Ring of Fire’ solar eclipse delights millions across western US, Asia
The Washington Post - May 21, 2012

"From a park near Albuquerque, to the top of Japan’s Mount Fuji, to the California coast the effect was dramatic: The moon nearly blotting out the sun creating a blazing 'ring of fire' eclipse."

Millions gaze skyward for rare eclipse (Slideshow)
Yahoo News - May 21, 2012

"Millions of people turned their eyes to the sky on both sides of the Pacific to gaze excitedly as a partial eclipse occluded the sun at dawn in Asia and at dusk in the western United States. May 20 (21), 2012."




Solar Activity Update: Interplanetary Shock Wave and Solar Eclipse (Video)
Skywatcher88/YouTube - May 20, 2012

"An interplanetary shock wave possibly associated with the M5-class solar flare of May 17th swept past Earth on May 20th..."

Annular Solar Eclipse Creates Ring of Fire
Wired Science - May 20, 2012

"An annular solar eclipse will be visible May 20 from eastern Asia, the Pacific Ocean, and much of the North American West Coast."

Solar eclipse goes social and global
MSNBC - May 20, 2012

"The sun, moon and Earth lined up today for a spectacular "Ring of Fire" annular eclipse that sparked social rites as ancient as Stonehenge and as modern as the Twitterverse."

Solar Eclipse 2012: How to See "Ring of Fire" Today
National Geographic - May 20, 2012

"This weekend, a "time traveling" solar eclipse will turn the familiar disk of the sun into a ring of fire for sky-watchers in parts of Asia and the U.S. West."

Solar Eclipse (Photographs)
Los Angeles Times - May 20, 2012

"The 'ring of fire' solar eclipse brought crowds out onto streets, into their backyards and onto roofs to catch a glimpse of the historic event."




Monster Sunspot's Solar Flare Strong Enough to Confuse Satellites
Mashable - May 18, 2012

"An enormous sunspot unleashed a powerful solar flare late Wednesday (May 16), triggering a radiation storm intense enough to interfere with some satellites orbiting Earth, space weather experts said."

Sunspot Releases Solar Flare and Burst of Radiation
WTRF - May 18, 2012

"An enormous sunspot unleashed a powerful solar flare late Wednesday night. The flare triggered a radiation storm large enough to interfere with satellites orbiting earth."

Solar Eclipse Facts: 14 Fascinating Things Skywatchers Should Know
Huffington Post - May 18, 2012

"Did you know, for instance, that solar eclipses occur on a strict schedule, with similar total, annular, or partial eclipses occurring once every 6,585.32 days?"




NASA May 17 Solar Flare
May 17, 2012 M-Class Flare which produced GLEs ~ NASA/SDO/AIA

More Eruptions from Active Region 1476
NASA - May 17, 2012

"Active Region 1476 has now rotated to the right side of the sun's disk. It has been quiet for a few days, but erupted with an M-class flare that peaked at 9:47 PM EDT on May 16, 2012."




Colossal superflares erupt from sun-like stars
MSNBC/Space.com - May 16, 2012

"Stars like our sun can release 'superflares', explosions of up to 10,000 times more energy than the solar flares seen from our sun, researchers say."




Solar flare 2012: Huge sunspot AR 1476 is as big as 100,000 kilometer
Northern Voices News - May 15, 2012

"Solar flare 2012 is making waves. The latest sunspot AR 1476 is as big as 100,000 kilometer. It was detected on May 5 by NASA scientists."




Catch the sun's 'ring of fire' in annular eclipse
MSNBC/Space.com - May 10, 2012

"Just two weeks after the huge "supermoon" wowed skywatchers around the world, the heavens will offer up another observing treat — a solar eclipse on May 20 that should be visible from much of western North America."

NASA SDO - M5-class Solar Flare, May 10, 2012 (Video)
NASA/SDO/YouTube - May 10, 2012

"Early morning hours of May 10, 2012 - active region 1476 unleashed an impulsive M5-class solar flare."




Huge Sunspot Aimed at Earth -- Eruption Imminent?
DiscoveryNews - May 11, 2012

"Ever wondered what the view would be like when looking down the barrel of a stellar gun? Look no further, this is it. As captured in breathtaking high-definition by NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), an erupting active region has rotated into view and is currently facing us, dead-on."

Space weather update: massive sunspot region now facing Earth, primed to hurl out solar flares
Washington Post - May 11, 2012

"One of the biggest sunspot regions to front the Earth in years is now in position to unleash waves of plasma towards the planet. So far though, no problems."

Shining Some Light on Sunspots
Technology News - May 11, 2011

"In fact, although scientists issue warnings of sunspots and solar flares quite regularly, with dire warnings about how these might impact communications, the power grid and our electronic equipment, mass chaos and pandemonium due to solar discharges seems to be exceedingly rare."

Solar Flare: Monster Sunspot Fires Off M-Class Sun Storm
Huffington Post - May 11, 2012

"A huge sunspot that dwarfs the Earth is unleashing a series of powerful solar flares as it moves across the surface of the sun, NASA scientists say."




Sunspot Has Produced M-Class Flares, But No CMEs
NASA - May 9, 2012

"The sun unleashed an M4.7 class flare at 8:32 EDT on May 9, 2012 as captured here by NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (below). The flare was over quickly and there was no coronal mass ejection associated with it."

'Monster sunspot' could bring solar flares
CBS News - May 9, 2012

"The CMEs blasts could arrive on Earth later today and cause moderate geomagnetic storms later and auroras in the higher altitudes, according to NOAA's Space Weather Prediction Center."

Giant Sun Spot To Send Solar Flares Toward Earth: VIDEO
Brevard Times - May 9, 2012

"According to NOAA's Space Weather Prediction Center, NOAA Region 1476, now poised just to the east of center on the solar disk, produced an impulsive R1(Minor) Radio Blackout at 1232 UTC (8:32 EDT) today."

AR1476 Sun spot setting sights on Earth, solar flares and aurora borealis possible this week
WPTV - May 9, 2012

"The sun is active again. A very large sun spot has rotated around the sun and is now about to face directly toward the Earth."

Another Major Solar Storm Possible
MSNBC/WISE-TV - May 9, 2012

"A huge sunspot may produce another strong solar flare, an explosion on the sun's surface."

Solar storm could trigger Northern Lights tonight, tomorrow
Examiner.com - May 9, 2012

"Yesterday, the Sun exploded with energy, launching a pair of coronal mass ejection (CME) into space and directly towards Earth. The wave of charged particles from the Sun is now expected to impact Earth's upper atmosphere sometime Saturday evening, which can have both positive and negative results for us here on Earth."

May 9 Sunspot

Sunspot AR1476 Image ~ May 9, 2012 ~ NASA/SDO




Giant sunspot could hurl strong solar flares toward Earth
USA Today - May 8, 2012

"A 'monster sunspot' more than 60,000 miles wide could send some powerful solar flares toward Earth on Wednesday, NASA says." (includes NASA video)

Strong Solar Flare Bursts Towards Earth (video)
Space.com - May 8, 2012

"Sunspot AR1471 unleashed an M-class solar flare on May 7th, 2012. Forecasters at the Goddard Space Weather lab predict that coronal mass ejection will reach Earth on May 9th."

Monster Sunspot To Unleash Powerful Solar Flares
MSNBC/DiscoveryNews - May 8, 2012

"An enormous sunspot group has taken shape on the surface of the sun, hinting that our star may soon start spouting off some powerful storms."

Heat is on: 'Monster' sunspot could put Earth in the crosshairs of powerful solar storms
Daily Mail - May 8, 2012

"It could result in a gigantic coronal mass ejection, which would blast the Earth with radiation and possibly knock-out power lines and disrupt satellites."

Huge sunspot forebodes major solar flares
SlashGear - May 8, 2012

"An enormous sunspot observed on the sun over the weekend may portend problematic solar activity, according to a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration report."

Medium-Class Solar Flare Erupted On Tuesday
redOrbit - May 8, 2012

"A medium-class solar flare erupted from the Sun on Tuesday, prompting scientists to keep their eye on the region for a space weather impact on Earth."

Solar storm could turn the lights out
stuff.co.nz/Fairfax NZ News - May 8, 2012

"A solar storm capable of bringing the world to a standstill is not far away, says a leading UK space weather scientist."

Solar storms threaten life as we know it
The Sidney Morning Herald - May 8, 2012

"Massive solar storms have happened before - and another one is likely to occur soon, according to Mike Hapgood, a space weather scientist at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory near Oxford, England."




Space weather expert has ominous forecast
The Los Angeles Times - May 4, 2012

"A serious concern would be whole regions losing electrical power for some significant time. Here in the U.K., the official assessment is that we could lose one or two regions where the power might be out for several months."




Solar Orbiter, satellite destined for record-breaking sun mission, gets UK deal
GlobalPost - April 26, 2012

"The European Space Agency (ESA) today announced that it is teaming up with a UK firm to build a new spacecraft projected to travel nearer to the sun than any satellite to date, reported the BBC."




Radiation races toward NASA spacecraft; it may be 'a good thing'
Los Angeles Times - April 17, 2012

"A solar flare that sparked a spectacular light show Monday took a convenient left turn. But although Earth is now safe from the impact of a solar storm, some NASA spacecraft are in the line of fire."




NASA SDO - M1.7-class Solar Flare on April 16, 2012 (video)
SDO/Vimeo - April 16, 2012

"Neither eruptions appear to be Earth directed - however, this active region might have some future events in store."

Video: Must-See Solar Flare Explodes From Sun’s Surface
Wired Science - April 16, 2012

"An incredibly stunning solar flare erupted from the sun’s surface, throwing charged particles and searing plasma millions of miles out into space on Apr. 16."

Spectacular solar flare unleashed from the sun
MSNBC/Space.com - April 16, 2012

"The sun erupted in an amazing solar flare Monday, unleashing an intense eruption of super-heated plasma that arced high above the star's surface before blasting out into space."




Growing Sunspot AR1455
Spaceweather.com - April 13, 2012

"Almost directly facing Earth, sunspot AR1455 is growing rapidly. 'This active region is becoming more interesting by the day and forms a nice group of sunspots now,' says amateur astronomer Dennis Put..."




Giant Solar Tornado Makes a Film Debut
Slate Magazine - March 29, 2012

"So big it could swallow five Earths in one gulp, the swirling vortex observed last September and presented at this week’s National Astronomy Meeting in England grew to a height of 125,000 miles, about half the distance between Earth and the moon."




3D Sun (for iPad) Review & Rating
PC Magazine - March 27, 2012

"3D Sun, a free app for iPhone and iPad, provides answers in semi-regular updates on the state of the Sun, replete with dazzling images and/or videos. The app is the brainchild of Tony Phillips, Ph.D., an astrophysicist who writes the Spaceweather website..."

Long-lived sunspot AR1429 continues erupting solar flares
Examiner - March 27, 2012

"...that didn't prevent scientists from keeping their instruments trained on the Sun. Result: some spectacular videos of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) erupting from the far side of the Sun, specifically nearly month-old sunspot AR1429."




NASA Measures Impact of Huge Solar Flare on Earth's Atmosphere
The Wall Street Journal MarketWatch - March 26, 2012

"The flare was considered one of the largest solar events in years even though its impact on the power grid and communications was minimal due to the angle it hit Earth."

Solar Storm Dumps Gigawatts into Earth's Upper Atmosphere
Astrobiology Magazine - March 26, 2012

"...the geomagnetic storm dumped enough energy into the atmosphere to power every home in the Big Apple for two years."




Solar Flares Threaten the World's Power Grids, and Common Sense Survival Teacher Shows How to Prepare on National Geographic's "Doomsday Preppers" March 27
San Francisco Chronicle - March 24, 2012

"Massive solar flares could bring down the national electrical grid and affect power in the U.S. 'for a period of years', according to a 2009 NASA report."




Solar storm blasted Earth with big dose of mega-energy
MSNBC - March 23, 2012

"A recent spate of furious eruptions on the surface of the sun hurled a huge amount of heat toward Earth — the biggest dose our planet has received from our closest star in seven years, NASA scientists said."

Plasma Flows May Shed Light On Predicting Sunspot Cycles
ScienceDaily - March 23, 2012

"While people have heard of sunspots, most aren't aware of what actually causes them. 'It's a large tube of magnetic flux basically,' says Bauer-Reich."




Solar Flares Likely Knocked Military Satellites Offline
U.S. News & World Report - March 22, 2012

"Although it's impossible to tell exactly what caused the events—essentially a temporary reboot of satellite instrumentation software—solar storms are known to wreak havoc on satellites."




Mysteries of the sun: Fargo scientist researches relationship of sunspots and solar flares
The Dickenson Press - March 21, 2012

"Knowing about electromagnetic storms in advance can be as important as predicting blizzards. That’s especially the case, for instance, if you’re flying in an airplane and abruptly lose communications or navigation."




Anticipating a Temper Tantrum from the Sun in 2013
ThomasNet Industrial News - March 20, 2012

"So, while relatively harmless once upon a time, CMEs now represent a significant threat to the highly tech-enabled citizens of Earth..."

Image of March 13 solar flare from NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO)
NASA/SDO - March 20, 2012

"NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) captured this image of an M7.9 class flare on March 13, 2012 at 1:29 p.m. EDT." (Shown below)

NASA/SDO: March 13, 2012 Solar Flare



New system could predict solar flares, give advance warning
R & D News - March 20, 2012

"Researchers may have discovered a new method to predict solar flares more than a day before they occur, providing advance warning to help protect satellites, power grids, and astronauts from potentially dangerous radiation."

Solar Storm Soundtrack Recorded in New Sun Video
Space.com - March 20, 2012

"The video is a visual and auditory glimpse of the sun in early March, when it erupted in the strongest solar storm in eight years."

Solar blasts tied to loops of super-hot plasma
MSNBC/Space.com - March 20, 2012

"Giant unstable loops of plasma arcing from the surface of the sun may be the root of explosive solar flares and other solar eruptions, researchers find."




Northern Lights head south: NASA space station video shows Aurora Borealis over the U.S.
Daily Mail - March 18, 2012

"NASA released a video this week showing the true colors of the Northern Lights, which have been appearing far further south than normal as a result of a solar storm."




Solar explosions now on official register as threat to the security of hi-tech Britain
The Guardian - March 17, 2012

"A significant event on the sun could leave large swaths of the country without electricity, lead to the immediate grounding of planes, disable communications and even destroy household appliances."




Aurora Sub-Storm Video
Spaceweather.com/Vimeo - March 16, 2012

"This footage was taken on March 16, 2012 02:17 MST."

Solar storm lights up the Alaska skies
Fairbanks Daily News-Miner - March 16, 2012

"Last night, it was Fairbanks' turn to witness a spectacular display of aurora lights."




Massive sunspot caught on film rolling across sun's surface
NY Daily News - March 15, 2012

"A Buffalo photographer has captured a breathtaking image of a massive solar blast roiling inside the region of the sun that has been pelting the earth with waves of charged particles over the past week."




Solar eruption mistaken for refueling UFO spaceship
Fox News - March 14, 2012

"Telescope images captured of the sun on Monday, March 12, show what appears to be a planet-size shadowy object tethered to the sun by a dark filament."

Busy Sunspot Unleashes Another Strong Solar Flare
Space.com - March 14, 2012

"The sun unleashed a new solar flare Tuesday (March 13) from the same region that has been actively brewing for the past week."




Last Week’s Solar Flare Brings Worldwide Scare
San Diego Entertainer Magazine - March 13, 2012

"Things started to heat up last tuesday evening when NASA and space-weather watchers observed two solar flares in an active region of the sun known as AR 1429, the first of which was the second largest flare in our current solar-cycle."

Big Sunspot Remains Active
NASA - March 13, 2012

"On March 13, 2012, the sun erupted with an M7.9-class flare that peaked at 1:41 p.m. EDT."

Solar Flares to Continue Pounding Earth Until 2014
US News & World Report - March 13, 2012

"The wave of solar storms that has pounded Earth over the past several weeks is only likely to get worse over the next year, according to a NASA scientist."




Mild Sun Storm May Amp Up Northern Lights This Week
Space.com - March 12, 2012

"A moderate solar storm is underway today (March 12), following a series of solar flares that erupted from the sun over the weekend and last week."

Did a Solar Storm Make the Aurora Borealis More Visible?
Time - March 12, 2012

"While Alaskans enjoyed great views as usual, the most southern U.S. city to get a rare glimpse of the phenomenon (and post it to YouTube) seems to be Jackson Hole, Wyoming."




Two More Solar Flares Erupt on Active Sun Saturday
Space.com - March 10, 2012

"Two new solar flares erupted from the sun today (March 10), blasting streams of plasma and charged particles into space."

Sunspot 1429 Not Done Yet - Releases 2 More M-Class Flares
NASA - March 10, 2012

"On March 10, 2012, the sun released another two M-class flares. One, rated as an M5.4, peaked at 12:27 AM EST. The second, rated as an M 8.4, peaked at 12:44 PM EST."

Solar Flares 2012: Another Storm Coming
ABC News - March 10, 2012

"Government space weather watchers say a new geomagnetic storm is on the way following an eruption on the surface of the sun Friday morning."

Strong solar flares still shooting out from active spot on sun
Fox News/Space.com - March 10, 2012

"The sun is continuing its active streak this week, firing off another solar flare late Thursday (March 8) from the same region that produced this week's strong solar storm."

Photos: Solar storm creates stunning northern lights display
Pioneer Press - March 9, 2012

"The largest solar storm in five years sent a huge wave of radiation into earth's atmosphere creating a brilliant show of the aurora borealis near Yellowknife, North West Territories on Thursday March 8, 2012."

Geomagnetic Storm Strength Increases
NASA - March 9, 2012

"Geomagnetic storms due to coronal mass ejections (CMEs) earlier in the week have increased in strength, and are now rated a G3 on a scale from G1 to G5."

More solar flares to come, expert warns
The Telegraph - March 9, 2012

"Britain could be facing another 18 months of potentially disrupted power grids, satellites and flights during a “few rough years of space weather”, according to a leading expert."




Raging solar storm 'blinds' Venus spacecraft
MSNBC - March 8, 2012

"Strong radiation from one of the most intense solar storms in the past five years has temporarily 'blinded' a European spacecraft in orbit around Venus, and mission controllers are now racing to fix the problem."

Solar storm lights up northern skies
MSNBC - March 8, 2012

"So far, the disruption caused by this week's solar storm seems to be minimal, but skywatchers are maximizing the opportunity to see auroral fireworks"

Solar storm not nearly as bad as could have been
Washington Times - March 8, 2012

"Our high-tech world seems to have easily weathered a solar storm that didn’t quite live up to its advance billing."

Huge solar flare hits earth, again; no harm this time
Chicago Sun-Times - March 8, 2012

"Not to get hysterical. These flares have happened before. Like locusts, the sun goes on a spree every 11 years or so — churning out magnetic storms we call sunspots, sending off giant flares and bursts of plasma."

Solar Storm Fizzles: ‘Not a Terribly Strong Event’
ABC News - March 8, 2012

"Forecasters at NOAA’s Space Weather Prediction Center say there is still potential for trouble over the next few days."

Solar storm hits our planet ... but so far, so good
MSNBC - March 8, 2012

"And while this solar storm may have fizzled, others may be lining up in the cosmic shooting gallery in the coming days, month and year, the scientists agree."

Solar Storm Reaches Earth, and Experts Say to Expect More
The New York Times - March 8, 2012

"Solar storms like the one that buffeted the Earth’s magnetic field on Thursday will soon become a common occurrence."

Solar flare: Biggest in six years hits the Earth (+video)
Christian Science Monitor - March 8, 2012

"A strong geomagnetic storm is racing from the Sun toward Earth, and its arrival on Thursday could affect power grids, airplane routes and space-based satellite navigation systems, U.S. space weather experts said."

Solar Flare, Solar Storm, Sun Storm: Whatever It's Called, Sun Activity May Yield Stellar Aurora Borealis
Huffington Post - March 8, 2012

"One of the strongest solar storms in years engulfed Earth early Thursday, but scientists say the planet may have lucked out."




Massive solar flare ripples sun's surface; storms speed to Earth
Los Angeles Times - March 7, 2012

"A powerful solar flare Tuesday evening caused the surface of the sun to shudder. A second smaller flare followed about an hour later, and the blasts caused by those flares have hurled a 'big blob of magnetized material' toward Earth."

Solar blast could have earthly impact
MSNBC - March 7, 2012

" The sun unleashed one of the biggest flares ever seen during its current activity cycle late Tuesday — an X5.4-class outburst strong enough to trigger a radio blackout."

Stunning auroras sparked by solar flare
CNET - March 7, 2012

"A spectacular show of auroras could be visible over the next couple of days as far south as Minnesota, Wisconsin, the Dakotas, and Washington State in the U.S. as well as parts of the U.K., New Zealand, and Iceland, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration."

Sun Fires Off 2 Huge Solar Flares in One-Two Punch
Yahoo/Space.com - March 7, 2012

"Both of the huge flares ranked as X-class storms, the strongest type of solar flares the sun can have."

Solar Flares Unleashed By Sun On March 6 Include Strongest This Year
Huffington Post - March 7, 2012

"The sun unleashed a cosmic double whammy Tuesday (March 6), erupting with two major flares to cap a busy day of powerful solar storms."




2012 Flare Features Archive

Sun's Peculiar Rotation May Be One Key To Life's Evolutionary Longevity, New Observations Suggest
Forbes - December 30, 2012

"But the sun’s relative magnetic quiescence, in comparison to other sun-like stars, may be the reason we’re here to talk about it. Or so suggests new observations of a nearby bright solar type star that is a close analogue to our own." Read more...

Massive solar flare could have caused eighth century radiation burst
Nature - November 28, 2012

"A mysterious spike in atmospheric carbon-14 levels 12 centuries ago might be a sign the Sun is capable of producing solar storms dozens of times worse than anything we’ve ever seen, a team of physicists calculates in a paper published this week in Nature." Read more...

Ancient Solar Flare Caused Radioactive Carbon Spike In 8th Century, Research Suggests
Huffington Post - November 28, 2012

"The sun could have released a huge and powerful blast of plasma into space called a coronal mass ejection, which, when it hit Earth, could have sparked the creation of carbon-14, suggest astrophysicists Adrian Melott of the University of Kansas and Brian Thomas of Washburn University, also in Kansas, in a paper published the Nov. 29 issue of the journal Nature." Read more...

WTSP report: Congress may be ignoring threat to America
First Coast News - November 22, 2012

"Sterns and others are frustrated that Congress has failed to act on a simple plan to protect the county with what's called 'Faraday cages' around major transmission lines." Read more...

In 6-minute mission, NASA tracks solar 'nanoflares'
NBCNews.com - November 16, 2012

"Though short-lived, the 200-mile (321 kilometers) rocket flight could provide new data on mysterious solar nanoflares — tiny, sudden bursts of energy that constantly erupt on the sun's surface. As their name suggests, nanoflares are much smaller and thus harder to see than the massive solar flares that get attention for wreaking havoc on Earth's electronics and communications networks." Read more...

Heliophysics nugget: Gradient sun
Phys.org - October 19, 2012

"Heliophysics nuggets are a collection of early science results, research techniques and instrument updates that further our attempt to understand the sun and the dynamic space weather system that surrounds Earth."

Solar storms 'disrupt satellite navigation systems'
BBC - October 10, 2012

"The stream of particles creating these displays can be very disruptive to satellite navigation systems. Scientists now estimate that systems can lose significant accuracy during the worst solar storms. Science editor David Shukman reports on the latest research on the Arctic island of Svalbard."

How solar storms create the Northern Lights
BBC - October 10, 2012

"Professor Dag Lorentzen explained to the BBC's science editor David Shukman how solar storms affected the Earth's magnetic field to create the aurora borealis."

Arctic probe into solar storm sat-nav disruption
BBC - October 10, 2012

"Scientists in the Arctic have launched an urgent investigation into how solar storms can disrupt sat-nav. Studies have revealed how space weather can cut the accuracy of GPS by tens of metres."

Secret Warning From the Sun
Huffington Post - October 9, 2012

"It turns out that certain radioactive isotopes, including manganese-54, which is used in medical diagnostics, begin to decay more slowly 24-48 hours before a flare erupts on the Sun, and therefore a good three or four days before fallout from that flare hits the Earth."

Washburn researcher addresses effects of solar flares, asteroids on Earth
Daily Nebraskan - October 8, 2012

"'The problem is we now have a very complex power grid, and lots of long-distance transmission lines,' he said. 'So a geomagnetic storm today would not be quite so entertaining. In fact, it could be quite devastating to our technological infrastructure...'"

Solar Eruptions: Coronal Cavities Can Teach Us About CMEs, Scientists Say
Huffington Post - September 21, 2012

"Scientists seeking to better understand and predict massive solar eruptions are zeroing in on mysterious cavities in the sun's outer atmosphere, or corona. These coronal cavities serve as launch pads for billion-ton clouds of solar plasma called coronal mass ejections, or CMEs."

Should You Worry About the Power Going Out Like in Revolution? This Congressman Thinks So.
Slate Magazine - September 17, 2012

"But a few lawmakers are genuinely concerned about two scenarios: terrorists hacking into our nation’s power grid or a one-in-100-year geomagnetic solar storm frying up every last transistor."

Aliens zapped my toaster, or why you should care about space weather
BetaNews - September 17, 2012

"Solar storms release massive amounts of magnetic energy. Interaction with the earth’s magnetic field generate huge currents that would find their way into all electrical equipment. Most significantly the transformers of power grids would be subject to enormous surges in DC current which would, in many, many cases, overheat the cores to such an extent to melt."

Genene Fisher: Bringing Space Science Down to Earth
Inside GNSS - September 17, 2012

"As Solar Cycle 24 rolls around toward its maximum peak next May, when a hundred or more sunspots may appear during the course of a single day, no single navigator stands at the helm to guide the hundreds of companies, research groups, users, and policy workers through the uncharted realm of spiking solar activity and its inevitable effects on GNSS."

Electromagnetic pulse: A major national security threat not well understood
NewsRoom Jersey - September 15, 2012

"The consequences of an EMP range from permanent physical damage to the national electricity grid to temporary system disruptions. EMP can result in fires, electric shocks to people and equipment, and critical service outages."

Is Earth in danger of solar flares?
Fox 10 Phoenix - September 10, 2012

"It's a frightening scenario: the lights go out, gas pumps don't work, food deliveries stop -- even pumps that deliver water to your home won't work anymore, to say nothing of cellular phones, computers and tablets."

Cubans see link between heart attacks and solar flares
Caribbean 360 - August 29, 2012

"Pablo Sierra Figueredo, a specialist with the institute, explained that results from the scientific project undertaken by his agency in close collaboration with the Ministry of Public Health, showed that the proportion of cases with confirmed diagnosis of infarction was higher on the day after the occurrence of the peak of geomagnetic disturbance in the group of people of 65 years of age and older."

Neutrons forecast space weather
The Varsity - August 25, 2012

"Although satellites provide scientists with a way to monitor the sun for flares, satellites cannot determine when a solar flare will hit Earth. Fortunately, scientists from South Korea and the University of Delaware have been investigating a way to determine both the arrival time and intensity of imminent solar storms."

The lab where it is always sunny: Researchers recreate the phenomenon that causes a solar flare
Daily Mail - August 23, 2012

"Now, a team from from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) have taken a huge step forward by recreated the phenomenon that leads to solar flares in a lab."

And now, the space-weather forecast
The Economist - August 23, 2012

"As the researchers report in Astroparticle Physics, the decay rate of chlorine-36 increases as Earth approaches the sun. The difference is tiny: the rate fluctuates by less than 1% between the aphelion and perihelion, the points on Earth's orbit when it is farthest and closest to the sun, respectively. But it is discernible and persistent. As-yet-unpublished data for manganese-54 suggest that isotope follows a similar pattern. If confirmed, the insight might, among other things form the basis of a system for forecasting dangerous cosmic storms."

Solar Storms, Flares, Sunspots With 'The Bad Astronomer' Phil Plait (VIDEO)
Huffington Post - August 21, 2012

"What actually happens during a solar storm? How do sunspots, flares, and coronal mass ejections relate to one another? And what's the real effect the sun's violent surface can have on us, here on Earth?"

New Study Claims ‘Sun is Surrounded by Dark Matter’
International Business Times - August 12, 2012

"'We are 99 per cent confident that there is dark matter near the Sun," the daily quoted the lead author Silvia Garbari as saying. 'This could be the first evidence for a 'disc' of dark matter in our Galaxy, as recently predicted by theory and numerical simulations of galaxy formation, or it could mean that the dark matter halo of our galaxy is squashed, boosting the local dark matter density,' Garbari said."

Solar Flare ~ October 4, 2012 ~ NASA/SDO

Solar Storms: What’s the Risk for Companies?
CFO.com = July 23, 2012

"But what’s the magnitude of the risk? 'I have heard some overblown statements, such as a worldwide power outage. This is not reasonable in my judgment; more reasonable is a widespread outage in North America, Europe, or Asia — and even then it may be half the continent, not the entire continent,” says Nicole Homeier, staff scientist at Atmospheric and Environmental Research in Lexington, Massachusetts."

Antarctic neutron detectors predict solar storms
New Scientist - July 17, 2012

"When charged particles, such as protons, collide with gas atoms in Earth's upper atmosphere, they shake loose neutrons that fall to Earth. The researchers found that detector data from the run-up to 12 solar storms between 1989 and 2005 predicted the storms' arrival."

When the sun brought darkness
UPI Science News - July 15, 2012

"And yet Canadians in Quebec Province probably felt the same way on March 13, 1989, complacent and happily going about their business -- until the lights went out in the early morning hours, the start of a 12-hour blackout that left people stranded in dark office buildings by stalled elevators, or waking up to up to cold homes."

Solar flare could wreak havoc on Earth
Owensound Sun Times, Ontario - July 15, 2012

"'It's one of the biggest natural disaster threats to the developed world,' said John Kappenman, an electrical engineer who specializes in solar storms and the impact they would have on the Earth."

Space Weather: Sunspots, Solar Flares & Coronal Mass Ejections
Space.com

"Though the sun lies 93 million miles (149 million km) from Earth, its unceasing activity assures an impact on our planet far beyond the obvious light and heat. From a constant stream of particles in the form of solar wind to the unpredictable bombardment from solar flares and coronal mass ejections, Earth often feels the effects of its stellar companions." (Note: Nice tutorial)

Solar Storms/EMP Threats: Will the Utility Heed the Call?
EnergyPulse - July 3, 2012

"The vulnerability of the North American electricity infrastructure is startling. However, the nation's utilities do not seem to be collectively prepared yet to counteract the adverse consequences of a strong Solar Storm."

Solar Storms: Reseachers See the Sun in a New Light
PCWorld - July 2, 2012

"The threat of extreme 'space storms' is very real. Space storms are caused by solar flares and coronal mass ejections, both large violent energy releases from the surface of the Sun that flow out into space. When those storms hit the Earth, the potential for damage is great. The storms can cause damage to the power grid and knock out satellite communications."

If One Storm Can Turn D.C. Dark For Several Days, What Would A Massive EMP Burst Do?
Hawaii News Daily - July 2, 2012

"A gigantic EMP burst over the entire country (caused by a massive solar storm or a very large nuclear explosion high in the atmosphere) could theoretically take down the entire national power grid."

Stellar eruption disrupts atmosphere of an alien world
MSNBC - June 29, 2012

"A Jupiter-size planet around a distant star has given astronomers a rare glimpse into the effects of space weather beyond our solar system: a view of an alien world unleashing an intense plume of gas triggered by an eruption from its parent star."

Brewing solar storm looms over technology
The Baltimore Sun - June 23, 2012

"Users of the location-finding system — found in tractors and cars and military missiles — could soon find themselves lost, depending on the weather in space."

Solar Flares Endanger Nuclear Plants, Power Grids
AOL - June 19, 2012

"A core problem is trying to figure just how bad a solar flare can get, and how often a big eruption might occur, experts told a joint meeting of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) June 15."

Gamma-Ray Burst Caused Mass Extinction?
National Geographic - April 3, 2009

"A brilliant burst of gamma rays may have caused a mass extinction event on Earth 440 million years ago—and a similar celestial catastrophe could happen again, according to a new study."

Northern lights, camera, action: Wonders of the Aurora Borealis now captured on film
Daily Mail - May 17, 2012

"Most people dream of watching the world's most stunning light display at least once in their lifetime but for one photographer it is a nightly occurrence."

Lazy Solar System Is Lazy, Can't Outrun Cosmic Rays
PCWorld - May 16, 2012

"In an ideal situation, the sun would be protecting us from potentially harmful cosmic rays by hurtling through space so fast that it created a wake of sorts ahead of itself, physically pushing cosmic clouds, dust, and everything else aside as it went."

Shining Some Light on Sunspots
TechNewsWorld - May 11, 2012

"'The sun's activity is complicated and difficult to predict,' warned Gillian Wilson, a professor in the physics and astronomy department at the University of California Riverside."

What People in 1859 Thought of the Great Solar Storm (Hint: They Were Very Confused)
Discover Magazine - May, 9, 2012

"On September 1, 1859, the sky erupted in color: 'alternating great pillars, rolling cumuli shooting streamers, curdled and wisped and fleecy waves—rapidly changing its hue from red to orange, orange to yellow, and yellow to white, and back in the same order to brilliant red,' read a New York Times account."

As Solar Storm Activity Increases, Stocktrek Unveils Stunning New Space Weather Images
Yahoo! News - May 8, 2012

"In the next year, solar activity is projected to increase in size and intensity. This will create large scale aurora activity that individuals will be able to see much further south than usual. Stocktrek unveils stunning new space weather imagery in relation to these events."

First 'moving' images of Northern Lights from space
BBC - February 9, 2012

"New images of the Northern Lights, or Aurora Borealis, have been captured by Nasa using a new time-lapse photographic technique. By combining hundreds of stills taken from the International Space Station, they have produced the first 'moving' images of the spectacle."

Glimpsing the Northern Lights in Yellowknife, Canada
BBC - March 23, 2011

"For some people seeing the Aurora Borealis, or Northern Lights, is a lifelong dream. Every year thousands of tourists travel to Yellowknife, the capital of Canada's Northwest Territories to try to catch a glimpse of this spectacular sight."

Wonders of sun, moon and sky
MSNBC - May 4, 2012

"'I saw the sunspot disappearing and appearing again, then its mirage appeared above the original spot higher on the solar disk, then a third mirage spot appeared.'"

Top four solar flare questions answered by NASA scientists
EarthSky Blog - April 26, 2012

"In this video, NASA scientists answer four common questions about the solar flares, space weather, and how they affect the Earth."

Why was a rubber chicken sent to the edge of Earth's atmosphere?
KOMO (Blog) - April 23, 2012

"What do you do if you're a group of science-minded middle and high school students who want to study the effects of a solar flare? If you're part of Dr. Tony Phillips' Earth to Sky Calculus class in Bishop, California, you strap a rubber chicken to a weather balloon and send it 115,000 feet up to the Earth's stratosphere -- right on the front door to outer space."

When It Comes to Solar Storms, We Don't Even Know How Bad It Might Get
Scientific American (Blog) - April 18, 2012

"But what if the superstorm of 1859 isn’t even as bad as it gets? The problem is not just that our technological world is vulnerable to stormy space weather, which it is, but also that we don’t really know what kind of storms to expect, according to a commentary in the April 19 issue of Nature by Mike Hapgood of the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in the U.K..."

Storm warning: We're not ready for a super solar blast
MSNBC/Space.com - April 18, 2012

"Humanity needs to be much better prepared for massive solar storms, which can wreak havoc on our technology-dependent society, a prominent researcher warns."

Sunspots, icebergs, and a Titanic mystery
Philadelphia Inquirer - April 13, 2012

"Just what were icebergs doing prowling the North Atlantic at the latitude of Newport, R.I., in the middle of April? Ironically, the sun may have had something to do with the answer."

Frank Hill: Future sunspot drop, but no new ice age
EarthSky News - April 12, 2012

"Frank Hill told EarthSky that — while his team did suggest a drop in solar activity beginning around 2019 — they did not suggest Earth would cool as a result."

Should we really worry about solar storms?
Aljazeera - April 10, 2012

"Although our technology is vulnerable to coronal mass ejections, technological advancement help to mitigate the effects."

Video: Beautiful Solar Eruption Seen in Extreme Ultraviolet
Wired Science - April 9, 2012

"NASA Solar Dynamics Observatory captured this gorgeous video of a recent outburst from the sun’s surface in ultraviolet light."

NASA Spacecraft Spot Something New On the Sun
ScienceDaily - April 9, 2012

"One day in the fall of 2011, Neil Sheeley, a solar scientist at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, D.C., did what he always does -- look through the daily images of the sun from NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). But on this day he saw something he'd never noticed before: a pattern of cells with bright centers and dark boundaries occurring in the sun's atmosphere, the corona."

New "Sunquake" Trigger Found: Huge Solar Belches
National Geographic - April 5, 2012

"Powerful earthquake-like events on the sun's surface, called sunquakes, can be set off by huge belches of charged particles from the solar atmosphere, scientists say."

Researchers explore new theories for solar flares, physics
Purdue Exponent - April 3, 2012

"After six years of continual research and identifying an unexpected variance in data, researchers are nearly certain they have discovered a way to predict solar flares at least a day in advance."

Space 'Sailboat' Could Offer Solar Storm Early Warning System
Chicago Tribune - April 2, 2012

"With a planned launch in 2014, the sail might be able to fly a satellite close to the sun to study solar flares - and alert scientists when one is incoming."

Boulder's Space Weather Prediction Center revs up for busy solar storm cycle
Boulder Daily Camera - March 25, 2012

"The sun is waking up from a solar minimum. That means, over the next several years, the number of spots boiling on the sun's surface is expected to increase. It also means a group of skilled forecasters in Boulder can expect to be especially busy."

Solar Flares Threaten the World's Power Grids
San Francisco Chronicle - March 24, 2012

"Massive solar flares could bring down the national electrical grid and affect power in the U.S. 'for a period of years', according to a 2009 NASA report."

400 Chernobyls: Solar Flares, Electromagnetic Pulses and Nuclear Armageddon
Truthout - March 24, 2012

"If an extreme GMD of such magnitude were to occur today, in all likelihood, it would initiate a chain of events leading to catastrophic failures at the vast majority of our world's nuclear reactors, similar to but over 100 times worse than, the disasters at both Chernobyl and Fukushima."

Plasma Flows May Shed Light On Predicting Sunspot Cycles
ScienceDaily - March 23, 2012

"While people have heard of sunspots, most aren't aware of what actually causes them. 'It's a large tube of magnetic flux basically,' says Bauer-Reich."

Mysteries of the sun: Fargo scientist researches relationship of sunspots and solar flares
The Dickenson Press - March 21, 2012

"Knowing about electromagnetic storms in advance can be as important as predicting blizzards. That’s especially the case, for instance, if you’re flying in an airplane and abruptly lose communications or navigation."

Once, the sun was cooler and crueler
Philadelphia Inquirer - March 19, 2012

"For most of human history no one realized that the sun was fickle, breaking out in spots, flares, and eruptions, and would eventually kill all life on our planet."

Scientific Evidence Geomagnetic Storms Are Making You Sick
i09 - March 16, 2012

"There's a ton of evidence suggesting that geomagnetic storms can cause everything from depression to cardiac problems — and may even be influencing the stock market."

Could a Solar Flare Destroy the Earth? (Video)
AccuWeather.com - March 16, 2012

"Solar activity is ramping up in the year 2012; how harmful could it be?"

Raging Sun Storms In Our Minds
NPR - March 15, 2012

"The video they made, called Magnetic Movie, is a gorgeous fiction; loops of lightning flash between gizmos, curl and crawl up walls, jellylike blobs of energy leak into corridors."

What a solar storm sounds like
New Scientist - March 15, 2012

"You've probably seen what a solar storm looks like, but what does this activity sound like? Now a new soundtrack created by composer Robert Alexander from University of Michigan in Ann Arbor translates readings from a recent storm on 7 March into audio."

Flying Through a Geomagnetic Storm
ScienceDaily - March 13, 2012

"High above our planet, astronauts onboard the International Space Station (ISS) have been enjoying an up-close view of auroras outside their windows as the ISS flys through geomagnetic storms."

Solar flare: The sun touches our psyche
Washington Times - March 8, 2012

"Psychological effects of CMEs (coronal mass ejections) are typically short lived and include headache, palpitations, mood swings, and feeling generally unwell. Chaotic or confused thinking, and erratic behaviors also increase."

Storms From the Sun
NASA - March 8, 2012

"Scientists monitor several kinds of space "weather" events -- geomagnetic storms, solar radiation storms, and radio blackouts – all caused by these immense explosions on the sun."

Experts: Extreme Solar Storm Could Cause Cosmic 'Katrina'
US News & World Report - March 5, 2012

"Potential permanent damage to power transformers and other electrical systems caused by a "severe geomagnetic storm scenario" could cost up to $2 trillion to repair and take up to 10 years for a full recovery, according to the National Academy of Sciences report."

What If the Biggest Solar Storm on Record Happened Today?
National Geographic - March 2, 2012

"'What's at stake,' the Space Weather Prediction Center's Bogdan said, 'are the advanced technologies that underlie virtually every aspect of our lives.'"

Rocket flies into the northern lights
MSNBC - Feb 21, 2012

"A rocket experiment sampled the stuff of the northern lights over the weekend, adding some scientific substance to the great auroral views we've been getting from Earth and space."

Vast solar tornado caught on video
Fox News - Feb 17, 2012

"A tremendous tornado whirling across the surface of the sun was captured by a NASA satellite recently -- an amazing wonder of the solar system that may be as big as the Earth itself."

Giant magnetic rope triggers solar storms
New Scientist - June 17, 2011

"What causes this space weather has remained a mystery but now Jie Zhang and his team from George Mason University in Virginia have found that a phenomenon called a giant magnetic rope can trigger an eruption."

A Super Solar Flare
NASA - May 6, 2008

"Suddenly, before his eyes, two brilliant beads of blinding white light appeared over the sunspots, intensified rapidly, and became kidney-shaped."

Whether solar flares can trigger earthquakes?
American Geophysical Union Abstract - Spring 2007

"Our investigation preliminarily shows that each earthquake under study was preceded by a solar flare of GOES importance B to X class by 10-100 hrs. However, each flare was not found followed by earthquake of magnitude 4.0."