Latest News

Big Sunspot Could Launch Photo Voltaic Flares Towards Earth within the Subsequent Two Weeks
The Shepherd of the Hills Gazette ~ November 3, 2020

"One of the biggest sunspots in years is emerging on the sun today. Hours ago it produced a C-class solar flare and a minor radio blackout over the Indian Ocean. This sunspot, if it holds itself together, will face Earth for the next two weeks as it rotates across the face of the sun, potentially setting the stage for a sustained stretch of solar activity."

Solar cycle 25: The sun wakes up ~ October 30, 2020

"The sun has entered its 25th solar cycle and is about to wake up. For the last few years our star has been pretty sleepy, with few sunspots, bright flares or massive ejections of magnetized plasma emanating from its surface. This quiet period is known as the solar minimum, but things are starting to heat up again."

Flare Features

A new look at sunspots
ScienceDaily ~ October 9, 2020

"In a new study, scientists looked at sunspots -- darkened patches on the Sun caused by its magnetic field -- at low resolution as if they were trillions of miles away. What resulted was a simulated view of distant stars, which can help us understand stellar activity and the conditions for life on planets orbiting other stars."

Scientists look to 1921 space weather superstorm to prepare for future severe events
Stuff New Zealand ~ September 27, 2019

"Scientists have been reassessing a 1921 extreme space weather event that caused destructive fires, possibly caused train delays, and disrupted communications, to help prepare for inevitable future extreme events."

A solar storm capable of wiping out Earth's technology is 'inevitable'
9 News Australia ~ September 27, 2019

"A catastrophic solar storm capable of wiping out almost all technology on Earth is inevitable, a new report has claimed."

New Studies Warn of Cataclysmic Solar Superstorms
Scientific American ~ September 24, 2019

"New data suggest the New York Railroad Storm could have surpassed the intensity of the famous Carrington Event of 1859."

What’s Hotter Than the Surface of the Sun? The Solar Corona
Discover Magazine Blog ~ September 24, 2019

"Events in the corona affect all of the sun’s worlds, including Earth and the technological society that humans have built upon it. And yet, despite roughly 80 years of study, much about the corona remains a mystery.

Rocket team: Are solar eruptions messy, or neat? ~ September 24, 2019

"ESIS will take a 15-minute flight above Earth's atmosphere to observe eruptions in a layer of the Sun called the transition region."

Flare Flashbacks

1859 Carrington Event

Remarkable Effect of the Aurora Upon the Telegraph Wires
The New York Times - September 5, 1859

"The Aurora which occurred on Thursday night produced effects much more remarkable than those of the previous Sunday night. The auroral currents were sufficiently powerful on Thursday to enable the telegraphic operators at Portland to transmit messages to Boston without resorting to the use of the batteries; and similar phenomena were observed at Pittsburgh."

Magnificent Display on Friday Morning
The New York Times - September 3, 1859

"The exhibition of the Aurora on Thursday night and Friday morning, exceeded in brilliancy that of last Sunday evening..."

The Aurora Borealis
Baltimore American and Commercial Advertiser - September 3, 1859 [Page 2, Column 2]

"The light was greater than that of the moon at its full, but had an indescribable softness and delicacy that seemed to envelope everything upon which it rested."

The Aurora Borealis, The Brilliant Display on Sunday Night
The New York Times - August 30, 1859

"'I never, in my experience of fifteen years in the working of telegraph lines, witnessed anything like the extraordinary effect of the Aurora completely were the wires under the influence of the Aurora Borealis, it was found utterly impossible to communicate between the telegraph stations, and the line was closed for the night.'"

A Brilliant Display of the Aurora Borealis
The New York Times - February 21, 1852 [2nd column, a quarter of way down]

"There was a brilliant display of the Aurora Borealis on Thursday evening. The flashes extended to the zenith and covered about one-quarter of the heavens. At first they were pale white, but afterwards changed to a delicate pink color, that we do not remember to have observed before."

Solar Flare Serves Up Antimatter Surprises
Scientific American - September 5, 2003

"The results of the most detailed study yet of a solar flare, which will be published in the October 1 issue of Astrophysical Journal Letters, indicate that each burst can create up to a pound of antimatter."

Solar Flares Disrupt World's Radios
The Evening Independent - July 9, 1968

"The biggest and brightest solar flare since 1966 fouled up short-wave radio communications around the world yesterday, the U.S. Space Disturbance Forecast Center reported."

Skylab Cameras Catch Solar Flare
Toledo Blade - June 16, 1973

"Skylab astronauts photographed a massive explosion on the sun Friday, recording on film the clearest view ever of the powerful burst of energy, light, and radiation spewed into space from a solar flare."

Deadly Solar Flares Pose Threat to Astronauts While on the Moon
Daytona Beach Morning Journal - July 15, 1969

"When, next Monday morning, Astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr. are to walk on the moon in their bulky space suits, or even when they are inside the paper-thin walls of their moon taxi - the lunar module - they would be defenseless against the radioactive wave, they could sicken or die."

Plane Crash Held Caused by Sun Spots, Ghost Wave Blamed for Disaster
St. Petersburg Times - Dec. 1, 1938

"A radio 'ghost wave' and a barrage of sunspot energy possibly played sinister parts, scientists said last night, in the loss of an airliner and five of its seven occupants in the Pacific Tuesday morning."

Helpful Resources

NASA Space Weather FAQ

NASA Sun-Earth News

NOAA Aurora Forecasts

NASA Solar & Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO)

NOAA Today's Space Weather

NASA Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO)

TESIS Sun Today

NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Solar Physics

SIDC - Solar Influences Data Center-Belgium

U.S. National Space Weather Program

SpaceRef: Space Weather Guide

NOAA/NWS Space Weather Prediction Center

NOAA Solar Image Resources

Latest SOHO solar images

Amateur Radio News Weekly K7RA Solar Update

NASA Solar Cycle Primer

M1.7-Class Solar Flare Image ~ April 16, 2012 ~ NASA/SDO/AIA